Numbers Everyone Should Know

Some of you have seen me build simple models to do a reality-check on architecture (see here, for example). Here are some metrics from a great presentation by Jeff Dean, a Google fellow.

Numbers Everyone Should Know

Some of you have seen me build simple models to do a reality-check on architecture (see here, for example). Here are some metrics from a great presentation by Jeff Dean, a Google fellow.

Numbers Everyone Should Know

L1 cache reference 0.5 ns
Branch mispredict 5 ns
L2 cache reference 7 ns
Mutex lock/unlock 25 ns
Main memory reference 100 ns
Compress 1K bytes with Zippy 3,000 ns
Send 2K bytes over 1 Gbps network 20,000 ns
Read 1 MB sequentially from memory 250,000 ns
Round trip within same datacenter 500,000 ns
Disk seek 10,000,000 ns
Read 1 MB sequentially from disk 20,000,000 ns
Send packet CA->Netherlands->CA 150,000,000 ns

Of note is the 80X difference between the cost of accessing memory and the cost of accessing disk.

The entire presentation may be found here: http://www.odbms.org/download/dean-keynote-ladis2009.pdf

Happy Modeling…